ADD / ADHD

Mark has ADHD

Mark, now 8, was having difficulties in school. His mother reports that he was ‘colicy’ as a baby, never slept well at night and was always very active. There were many times he even managed to get out of his cot himself…. Mark can “hear the grass grow” according to his mother … read more >

Cluas Programmes

Our Cluas @ Home programmes and Centre Based programmes are provided for Children with ADD or ADHD.

Children who have an attention disorder may be easily distracted, miss details, forget things and frequently switch from one activity to another. They may have difficulty focusing on one thing and become bored with a task after only a few minutes – unless they are doing something they really enjoy.

The Symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Children?

They can have difficulty focusing attention, organizing and completing a task, or learning something new and often have trouble completing their homework.

They can seem not to listen when spoken to, daydream, or become easily confused, move slowly and have difficulty processing information as quickly and accurately as others. They can struggle to follow instructions.

Parents and teachers can miss the fact that children with attention difficulties have this disorder because they are often quiet – they sit quietly, seeming to work, but they are often not paying attention to what they are doing. They may get along well with other children and generally do not have social problems.

Children who have symptoms of hyperactivity may:

Fidget and squirm in their seats and seem to talk nonstop. They may dash around, touching or playing with anything and everything in sight. They can be constantly in motion and have trouble sitting still during dinner, school and story time. They can have difficulty doing quiet tasks or activities. They may also be hyper-sensitive to sound.

Children who have symptoms of impulsivity may:

Be very impatient or blurt out inappropriate comments, show their emotions without restraint and act without regard for consequences. They may have difficulty waiting for things they want or waiting their turns in games and often interrupt conversations or others’ activities.

It is more commonly diagnosed in boys than girls. This may be because boys with ADHD tend to be more hyperactive and disruptive. Girls can have it, but may have Predominantly Inattentive Type and can often appear to be in a world of their own. Their symptoms may not be noticed because they don’t disrupt the class; but their problems can lead to academic and social difficulties.

What is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder?

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder occurs in 3-5% of children and can continue through adolescence and adulthood. Inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity are the key behaviours of ADHD. It is normal for all children to be inattentive, hyperactive, or impulsive at times, but for children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, these behaviours are more severe and occur more often. Symptoms include difficulty staying focused and paying attention, difficulty controlling behaviour, and over-activity. Children living with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder can be mostly over-active and impulsive or mostly inattentive but most will be struggling with over-activity, impulsivity and inattention. Children with ADHD may also have symptoms of ODD (Opposition Defiant Disorder) or CD (Conduct Disorder).

Back to Symptoms of ADHD

Mark has ADHD

Mark was having difficulties in school. His mother reports that he was ‘colicy’ as a baby, never slept well at night and was always very active. There were many times he even managed to get out of his cot himself. When he was in playschool he was very active and never stayed at any activity for any length of time. He rarely sat down.

At six years of age he was still not doing well in school. He had great difficulty staying on his seat for activities such as reading or in tasks that required concentration. After a short period he would slide off his chair and start crawling on the floor “like a lizard.” His mother described him as ‘whirlwind’ that arrives on the scene when he attempted to join other children playing. He has great difficulty “fitting in” and has very few real friends. He finds it very difficult to pay attention to other children or adults, especially adults in authority and is always “butting in”. Mark can “hear the grass grow” according to his mother and used to be very sensitive to certain sounds, the hoover for example.

Mark has recently been given a diagnosis of ADHD.

Many children who are overactive are attempting to stimulate an underactive vestibular system. We know that the vestibular system is involved in receiving information from the senses, and is also involved in coordination, balance, muscle tone and a sense of body awareness. A well-integrated fully functioning vestibular system is necessary for us to regulate ourselves and interact well with those around us. Some children with ADHD are also hypersensitive to sound as Mark is, that is they hear too much, which can be very painful. Many of these children begin to tune out because they are overwhelmed by sound, while other children become very active and roll around the floor or move from topic to topic rapidly.

At Cluas using classical music delivered through specialised sound equipment, an individual auditory stimulation program was designed for Mark. His individual programme, which included listening to classical music, retrained his ability to analyze sounds and improved his listening. The use of this specially processed music also works on the vestibular system and retrains the right ear to be dominant which has helped his concentration.

Mark is now a lot less sensitive to sound and his mother reports that he has become more amenable and is willing to do little chores when requested, something that never happened before. He now listens for longer and tends to complete more tasks in class. While he is still active in school, he is much more cooperative and a lot calmer during classes. He has recently made two new friends and fights a lot less with his sister.

Back to Symptoms of ADHD

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Back to Symptoms of ADHD and Mark’s Story